In Hebrew, male and memory share the same word: zachar. This may be why so many cultures continue to remember the family name through the male line only. It may also be a reminder that marriages work best when women consider themselves to be joining their husband’s family just a bit more than having husbands join their own. Taking a husband’s name is not only the highest compliment a woman can pay a man, it also ensures that each family is remembered into the future through the line of its males. This is yet another way God has created a role for the male to compensate for the indispensable role that nature created for the female. This is a gift of God given uniquely to humans.
Rabbi Daniel Lapin, "America's Real War," pg.185